From the day of its foundation in 1892 and until 1968, Newcastle performed with the coat of arms of the city on its chest. Three towers, depicted on it, symbolized the fortress, which was founded by Robert Kurtgez, the son of William the Conqueror. For a long time, it was the northernmost fortress of England and served as a defense against the Norman raids. Two sea horses on the sides symbolized the close connection of the city with the sea. And the inscription under the emblem Fortiter Defendit Triumphans also referred to the times of confrontation between the English and Scandinavian tribes.